Such a case, the First Seminole War, led to the takeover of Florida by the United States. Adams took advantage of Jackson`s military action to introduce Spain by asking either to control the people of eastern Florida or to cede it to the United States. Minister Ones and Minister Adams agreed that Spain ceded East Florida to the United States and renounced any claim to West Florida. Spain did not receive compensation, but the United States agreed to take responsibility for $5 million in damages caused by American citizens who rebelled against Spain. Under the Ones-Adams Treaty of 1819 (also known as the transcontinental treaty and ratified in 1821), the United States and Spain defined the western limits of the purchase of Louisiana and Spain ceded its rights to the Pacific Northwest. In exchange, the United States recognized Spanish sovereignty over Texas. Although Spain took over Florida, his reign was short-lived. The United States wanted to control Florida. Spain`s attempt to bring settlers to Florida failed, and around 1800, Spain`s control over Florida was weakened. Taking control of Florida for the United States would be like taking control of the Mississippi River. It was an important route for trade. At the same time, Britain also wanted to take back control of Florida. With Jackson finally supported, he attributed it to his minister of war, Calhoun.

Jackson had to resign himself to being called and insulted before Congress, especially by Henry Clay (whom Jackson wanted to hate). However, four resolutions to convict Jackson failed. In retrospect, it seems that President Monroe (1817-25) expected Jackson to occupy Florida and gave him ambiguous signals in that sense – the kind of signals that leaders sometimes raise when they don`t want to be held responsible for an action. In 1821, the United States bought Florida from Spain. Americans have replaced liberal racial politics with oppression. To escape what Kingsley called a “spirit of intolerant prejudice,” Anna and her five sons moved to Haiti. East of the continental crossroads, the Spanish Empire claimed the entire country south of the Arkansas River, located west of the Medina River, and the entire country south of the Red River, west of the Calcasieu River. [Notes 9] The vast disputed region between the territorial claims of the United States and Spain was occupied mainly by natives with very few traders from Spain or the United States. In the south, the controversial area between the Calcasieu River and the Sabine River covered Los Adaes, the first capital of Spanish Texas. The area between the Calcasieu and Sabine rivers becomes a lawless no man`s land. The United States saw great potential in these Western countries and hoped to regulate its borders. Spain, which saw the end of New Spain, hoped to use its territorial claims before being forced to grant independence to Mexico (later in 1821).

Spain hoped to reclaim much of its territory following the decline in regional demands for independence. Behind the scenes, Minister of War John C. Calhoun, Treasury Secretary William H. Crawford, and Kentucky Congressman Henry Clay were concerned. Calhoun was furious at Jackson`s communication with the president and bypassed him.