The two presidents issued a joint statement reaffirming their countries` commitment to promoting human rights and democratic reform. They agreed that the sovereignty and independence of the former Soviet republics should be respected, as well as the rights of the Russian-speaking population in the Baltic States. Stalin believed that economic integration with the West would allow the Eastern bloc countries to escape Soviet control, and that the United States was trying to buy a pro-American realignment of Europe. [93] Stalin therefore prevented the Eastern bloc countries from receiving aid from the Marshall Plan. [93] The Soviet Union`s alternative to the Marshall Plan, which supposedly included Soviet subsidies and trade with Central and Eastern Europe, became known as the Molotov Plan (institutionalized later in January 1949 as the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance). [83] Stalin also feared a reconstituted Germany; his vision of a post-war Germany did not include the ability to rearm the Soviet Union or pose any threat to the Soviet Union. [94] February 1990: Foreign Minister Baker`s visit to Moscow In February 1990, Minister Baker met with President Gorbachev and Foreign Minister Shevardnadse in Moscow. They discussed a number of arms control issues and made progress in the establishment of conventional, nuclear and chemical agreements. They also dealt with Soviet emigration policy, German unification and regional issues. On February 10, Minister Baker testified before the Foreign Affairs Committee of the Supreme Soviet. In April 1945, President Roosevelt died and was replaced by Harry S. Truman, who distrusted Stalin and turned to an elite group of foreign policy intellectuals.

Churchill and Truman opposed, among other things, the Soviets` decision to support the Lublin government, the Soviet-controlled rivals of the Polish government-in-exile in London, whose relations with the Soviets had been severed. [39] At the Potsdam Conference, which began at the end of July after Germany`s capitulation, serious differences emerged over the future development of Germany and the rest of Central and Eastern Europe. [43] The Soviets lobbied for their demand for $20 billion in reparations to the German occupation zones. The Americans and British refused to set a dollar amount for repairs, but they allowed the Soviets to remove some of the industry from their areas. [44] In addition, the participants` growing antipathy and bellicose language served to confirm their suspicions about each other`s hostile intentions and to consolidate their positions. [45] At this conference, Truman informed Stalin that the United States possessed a powerful new weapon. [46] A senior State Department official predicted such an outcome as early as 1980, postulating that the invasion was in part the result of a “domestic political crisis within the Soviet system.” It may be that the thermodynamic law of entropy. caught up with the Soviet system, which now seems to spend more energy simply on maintaining its balance than on improving. We could see a period of foreign movement in a period of internal decadence. [325] The Soviet regimes that emerged in the bloc not only reproduced the Soviet directed economy, but also adopted the brutal methods used by Joseph Stalin and the Soviet secret police to suppress real and potential opposition. [64] In Asia, the Red Army had invaded Manchuria in the last month of the war and occupied much of Korean territory north of the 38th parallel.

[65] June 1992: President Yeltsin at the Washington summit paid a state visit to Washington for the next summit on June 16-17, 1992. .